Section 1 – What does a stock trader actually do
The life of a trader is often glamorised by films such as The Wolf of Wallstreet and Margin Call – a view that is shared by many who have no direct experience with the wider investment industry. It is also true that different types of traders have very different workloads. Trading emerging markets is not the same as trading FTSE stocks or the forex markets.
Let’s start by defining what traders, broadly speaking actually are:
“Professionals in finance who buy and/or sell assets on the financial markets.”
A day in the life of a trader: Behind the scenes
These are people who usually have a background in finance, either through traditional education (think degrees in finance, accounting, economics, investment management etc) or through practical experience at companies working within financial services.
This is to say that the day-to-day activities of a trader is to either buy assets (such as stocks, futures, commodities) or to sell assets (such as stocks, forex, bonds). Two distinct roles in trading can be summed up in the Buy side, and the Sell side in terms of execution.
A broader categorisation would include participants within the financial markets who trade securities. This encompasses independent traders working from home to large multinational financial institutions which see billions of dollars a day flow from and to their order books.
The Buy Side
The Buy side is concerned with purchasing assets, and this generally involves taking orders from management or clients and then sending those orders to the broker to be executed. This role is being gradually replaced by technology, specifically automation and AI, and its hard to see a future for buy side traders 20 years from now. There is also a distinctly bad reputation associated with buy side traders, these are often just messengers, and have been known to treat brokers with incredible hostility and bitterness over recent years.
The Sell Side
Alternatively, the Sell side is just the opposite – these traders are only concerned with selling positions either the firm or the firms clients holds. Again technology is eliminating this role over time, and today both buy and sell side traders simply take message, and pass it along either electronically through an online platform or via telephone for the perhaps more traditional establishments.
Private Hedge fund managers
Many successful traders have gone on to start hedge funds with private companies and from private investors. This is a highly privileged position to be in, as hedge fund managers are in control of both the broad strategy for the investments and receives the greatest compensation should the strategy be profitable.
Private Portfolio Managers
Portfolio managers working at a private company (such as a large hedge fund) is again a much sought after position. Portfolio managers generally create a positive or negative selection portfolio, which allows them to implement their own strategy to make the best returns with the lease risk – although these parameters are often set outside the control of the individual portfolio manager. The same also exists within commercial banking, but it is usually more focused on creating a very balanced portfolio that exists to hedge risk as opposed to making real returns.
Analysts do the number crunching and quantitative prep work for the portfolio or hedge fund managers. This role involves applied finance and taking a close look at various assets fundamentals. This includes the balance sheet, income statement and cashflow statement for analysts looking at stocks. This is usually a relatively junior role, and those who are successful here tend to become traders, portfolio managers and eventually hedge fund managers over the course of a successful career.
There are still plenty of traders left at investment banks, despite the decline over the last few decades. As much as 90% of the time is spent dealing with clients such as Hedge and Pension Funds.
Investment Bank Traders
As much as 90% of the time is spent dealing with clients such as Hedge and Pension Funds.
The trader is then Making Markets in Assets the clients want to buy/sell, such as stocks, currencies, commodities and bonds.
The other 10% of time is Proprietary trading, utilising the banks large balance sheet to create a positive selection portfolio.
Market Makers (Agency)
Market making is the primary task of an investment trader (~80% of market making business)
Split into two sections:
Agency Business – Client holds risk
Risk business – Investment Bank holds risk
Investment Bank charges commission on these activities at a typical rate of 5 basis points or 0.05%
Example – Buy £10,000,000 of BP stock at £100 per share = 100,000 BP shares.
Commission for bank - £10,000,000 X 0.005 = £5,000
Risk free for bank – algorithm executes trades based on client orders
In terms of basis points, 100 = 1%
This type of trading can happen in two ways, the first where small investors at home use their own capital to trade for a direct gain or commercially where a firm uses its own capital to make trades to be the prime beneficially of the rewards should the trade go well. This is in contrast to how hedge funds would normally just earn a commission, by also utilising internal capital the firm is able to take larger risks, which tend to come with the larger rewards.
Here’s another interesting fact:
“Only 6% of candidates end up making it as a professional trader” (Business Insider, 2011)
This statement alone shows just how competitive the industry is, and to make a successful career is even harder, with only ~5% of traders ever making it to a managerial level.
A day in the life of a trader: Behind the scenes
Section 2 – How does 8 hours day break down?
Traders usually start the day at 6.30 AM and start to catch up on news that broke overnight that may A) affect current positions or B) provide opportunities for new positions. These changes are digested, and areas of special interest are noted for further analysis later.
Arrive at trading floor at 7:30, 30 minutes before markets open. This is the time where traders prepare themselves for the day. It also serves as an opportunity to talk to colleagues. For most hedge funds and other long-term traders, team meetings will happen in the morning to ensure all traders are up to speed and playing from the same game plan.
Markets open: based on overnight news there may be buying / selling activity to adjust the traders portfolio based on the latest information. Many traders prefer not to trade at the market open due to higher volatility as traders from around the world react to overnight news.
A common task around 9:00 AM would be to scan the market for short term opportunities, or to catch up on fundamental company analysis of companies in the watch list.
Continuation of analysis or opportunity seeking based on the traders own intuition, experience and judgement. This is also prime time for internal meetings with the team and meetings with clients, potential clients etc.
Here we see lower volume and volatility, and so short-term opportunities diminish, traders are thinking about lunch at this point. Finishing up financial models and analysis done in the morning. Another prime time for meetings with the team and clients.
Most long-term traders take lunch, some short-term traders will stay at the desk as timing can be critical to a successful day.
As investment banks and other major institutions return from lunch volatility in the markets increases and short-term traders get back to work. Long-term traders generally get back to analysis, risk management or strategy functions with only a cursory interest in the current market prices and volatility.
Day traders will spend this time monitoring positions and executing trades as necessary. Long-term traders use this period in a variety of ways, as mentioned above.
Short-term traders now think about closing existing positions and stop looking for new opportunities. This is also where the administrative functions of cancelling unfilled orders, or for long term traders, finalising analysis of the day and presenting it to stakeholders. This is the last chance to exit positions for the trading day.
The markets are now closed. Traders often look back at the day, seeing what went well (and what didn’t). Management will often check in and with-it bureaucracy and paperwork.
Time to leave the office and go home. The advent of mobile internet means most traders are now reading the latest financial news, following commentary and thinking about the strategy for tomorrow.
If all went well arrive home, if not then its likely the trader will still be at the office working to meet the deadline of the day, from financial models to briefing management and clients.
Outside of the general workday, traders will spend much of the evening doing research and analysis – everything from learning about the markets to experimenting with financial models to taking an advanced excel course.
Section 3 – Why you might want to be a stock trader
We meet a lot of traders, its what we do – and here are a few of the top reasons traders we spoke to continue to do what they do.
Love the Game
Many traders are extremely fond of the game that is the financial markets. Day traders talk about the rush as fast-paced action that runs from 8am to 4pm 5 days a week. The same holds true for long-term traders, and while lacking the constant adrenaline of day trading the highs of closing a trade that’s been on-going for months is just as great a feeling – the analogy one trader used was whereas day traders get Christmas every day, long-term traders get all of their Christmases at once, 4-5 times a year.
This is not just about the ability to make a living from trading and the financial markets, but from having the knowledge and understanding of the world of finance to make sound financial decisions, whether that be in deciding between a fixed or variable mortgage, or the best ways to allocate capital to save for school fees.
There is undoubtedly both an intellectual and an emotional challenge in trading successfully. While it is said that day traders trade emotion, long term portfolio managers trade on intellect and sound financial decision making.
Style & Expression
Traders all trade differently, from value investors to crypto speculators each trader develops a style and method of trading that fits their way of life and the perception they have of the world around them. If you are emotional in-tune with the wider world, then day trading can be exceptionally profitable. The same holds true for value investors like Warren Buffet, a trader who enjoys digesting and analysing reams of company reports to find what Buffet calls “Great companies at fair prices”.
This post has hopefully given you an understanding of the typical day in the life of a trader. If you feel your ready to take the next step towards a career in trading and finance, Horizon provides a comprehensive introductory course on Investing for Beginners. https://blog.hioim.com/post/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-stock-trade
Dealing Desk vs No Dealing Desk Forex Brokers. Before you choose a broker it’s important to understand and learn that not all brokers are the same. There are different types of Forex brokers that run their business through different trading models. When you trade in the Forex market you need to know who you are trading against and exactly where you order is going for execution as this will ... No Dealing Desk brokers offer access to interbank foreign exchange currency market rates. Interbank refers to transactions arranged between banks. No Dealing Desk brokers offer STP (Straight Through Processing) execution on forex trading. Find out the Top 10 of the absolute Best ECN - STP Forex Brokers 2020 (Non Dealing Desk) with tight spreads. Sign up now & Learn more List of NDD (No Dealing Desk) Forex brokers. 1. JustForex. Minimum deposit: $1. Maximum leverage: 1:3000. Broker type: ECN, NDD. Regulation: IFSC (Belize) Visit. justforex.com. Justforex is one of the most dynamic and high-potential Forex brokers in the industry. Since our company has been working on the Forex market since 2012, we have the needed experience and expertise for providing our ... No Dealing Desk (NDD) brokers (STP, ECN, DMA or hybrids) The Dealing desk brokers match client orders internally because they make the market for their clients. On the other hand, the No Dealing Desk brokers provide direct market access with no middleman intervention and unfiltered access to interbank bid and ask prices. Forex NDD (No Dealing Desk) Brokers List. A Non Dealing Desk broker is a variation of the MM (Market Maker) model, the only difference being the absence of the broker’s intervention in making transactions, so that all transactions should occur without re-quotes. This ensures the immediate execution of orders. Below we present a ranking of NDD brokers. 1. CMC Markets. CMC Markets, one of the ... NDD Forex Brokers. No Dealing Desk or NDD Forex Brokers as it is obvious from the name does not use Dealing Desk in its operation and passing traders’ orders directly for execution, while the broker only provides a connection between two parties the trader and market itself.. That means while you are dealing with the broker of that type you get access to an interbank market where the foreign ... Dealing Desk brokers obviously have wider spreads than No Dealing Desk, so traders who need tight spreads should trade with STP or ECN brokers. On the other hand, Dealing Desk brokers hardly charge commission or charge less than No Dealing Desk. So, if your strategy is long term, consider trading with Dealing Desk brokers. No Dealing Desk. Forex Brokers can offer either Dealing Desk or No Dealing Desk execution models. Brokers offering a dealing desk are also acting as market makers; they generally create their own liquidity, setting the bid and ask price themselves and taking the opposite side of a client’s trade. Brokers operating No Dealing Desk (NDD) execution, rather than taking the opposite position of ...
In this video, I will be explaining to you whether your Forex Broker is a Dealing Desk or a pure ECN/STP. This matters and it determines whether your Forex broker is trading with you or against you. NO Dealing Desk Brokers in Forex Market Forex Course M Mohsin Sher. Loading... Unsubscribe from M Mohsin Sher? Cancel Unsubscribe. Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 167K. Loading ... currency online trading stock trade foreign exchange traders cfd trading trade stocks stock trader online stock trading forex demo accounts forex trading uk ... In this video, I will be discussing how you can actually find out if your Forex broker is a pure STP/ECN Broker or if it's a Dealing Desk(market maker), or maybe a mix of both. Dans ce court vidéo, vous pouvez entendre l'informations trompeuse que FXCM avait publié à l'époque pour vanter son modèle ''No Dealing Desk'' en même temps ... Maka dari itu broker bandar/dealing desk seringkali berbuat curang dengan berbagai trik agar trader LOSS. Maka dari itu gunakan broker yang bukan bandar, yang eksekusinya NO DEALING DESK. Choosing a Forex broker is a big decision, and the first choice you'll likely have to make is whether to go with a Dealing Desk broker or an ECN broker. They... Dealing Desk and No Dealing Desk is very impotent for Forex trader. You must know about Forex Broker Types and Merits and Demerits of Dealing Desk. You will learn from this part: What is Dealing ... Dealing Desks (Most of the other Guys) Learn About the Conflict of Interest Between Dealing Desks and Traders Researching your options when it comes to finding a forex broker is hard work. Sarah Cox talks to Ricardo Evangelista, analyst at ActivTrades, about why a 'No Dealing Desk' approach is worth ...